Embedded System Design using AVR Microcontroller


Course Features

  • Location: Janakpuri East New Delhi
  • Language: Atmel Studio IDE
  • Lesson: 0
  • Viewers: 2253
  • Prerequisites: No
  • Skill Level: Beginner
  • Course Capacity: 40
  • Start Course: 05/20/2019


The objective of this program is to give in-depth knowledge of AVR Microcontroller with their programming so that student can design real time projects on Emebdded Systems (Home Automation, Home Security, Industrial Automation, Telecom, Automobile, Defence etc.)


2nd/ 3rd year student of B.E./B.Tech. form Electrical, Electronics and Computer Science. Recommended for 3rd/final year engineering students.


Knowledge of Basics of Electronics, Digital Electronics ,C language programming and any 8-bit Microcontroller 8051/PIC


  • Confidence build up with knowledge of range of Microcontrollers
  • Good understanding of implementation of advanced C concepts
  • Fare understanding of Embedded Software development
  • Experience of BEST learning practice
  • Acquire skills to do better Minor/Major Projects
  • Can participate in various national/international competition and techfest


  • Knowledge of  AVR Microcontroller
  • Experience of working with ST Microelectronics tool chain
  • Knowledge of Advanced Embedded C programming Knowledge of Sensors Programming
  • Knowledge of Sensors Programming
  • Experience of working with real time programmer/debugger
  • Personal Experience of working with Live Projects


Section 1 : Introduction to Embedded System and Digital World

1. Brief History

First Embedded Application

Different Microcontroller Architectures

Different kinds of Microcontrollers

2. Difference between processors and controllers

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3. Scope of Embedded systems and further advancements


Market research

Growth Rate

4. Digital Number System

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5. Bitwise operations




6. Byte operations



1’s and 2’s compliment

7. Number Conversion

Binary to Decimal,octal,Hexadecimal conversion

Octal to Binary, Decimal, Hexadecimal conversion

Decimal to Binary, Octal, Hexadecimal conversion

Hexadecimal to Binary, Octal, Decimal conversion

ASCII to Hex/ Hex to ASCII conversion

8. Other Number formats

Binary Coded Decimal Number System

Binary Coded Hexadecimal Number System

Section 2 : Introduction to Microcontroller

9. Classification of microcontroller

4-bit, 8-bit, 16-bit, 32-bit
Package Structure
Market Scenario on the basis of types of Controllers

10. Introduction to 8-bit AVR Product families

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11. Introduction to ATMEL ATMega32A

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12. Basic architecture of ATMega32A

Pin Diagram

Memory Organisation

SFRs description

13. Introduction to general microcontroller terms

Program Counter
Accumulator (or Working Register)
Clock Cycle, Machine Cycle, Instructio Cycle
Stack, Stack Pointer, Stack Operation

14. Brief introduction to internal features

General Purpose Input-Output PORTs
Analog to Digital Convertors
Device Protection features – Watchdog Timer, BOR, Power up Timer

Section 3 : Detailed Description to Development Tools

15. ATMEL studio

Tools under IDE

Introduction to – Hi-Tech C Compiler

Brief description to Editor, Debugger, Assembler, Simulator, Emulator

Demo of Project Making & sample programs

16. Turbo C compiler

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17. Proteus- ISIS

Brief introduction to simulator tool

demo to some small logic circuits

18. Programming Tools

ATMEL ICE Programmer & In-System Debugger

Section 4 : Quick Review of C

19. Revision to C programming language

Overview of C language

Data Types




Control Statements

if statement

if-else statement

Nested if statement

Nested if else statement

Switch-case statement


for loop

while loop

do while loop

Loop in Loop (Nested Loop)


One dimensional array

Two dimensional array


Simple Fuctions

Call by Value

Call by Reference


20. Pointer & Recursion

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21. Embedded C introduction

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22. Difference between C and Embedded C

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Section 5 : Embedded C Programming of GPIO and Basic Internal Peripherals of Controller

23. LEDs

LED Introduction

LED Interfacing with Microcontroller

LED Patterns programming

24. Linear switches

Introduction to Switches
Interfacing of Switches with Microcontroller
Switches Programming

25. Seven segment display (SSD)

Introduction to SSD
Types of SSD(CC & CA)
Internal Arrangement of Segment LEDs in SSD
Introduction to logics to display Numeric values on SSD
Interfacing of SSD with Microcontroller
Programming concept of SSD
Different SSD Programs

26. Keypad Matrix

Concept of Keypad Matrix
Interfacing of Keypad with Microcontroller
Programming Concept of Keypad Matrix
Programming Practice

27. Multi seven segment display (MSSD)

  • Concept of MSSD
  • Interfacing of MSSD with Microcontroller
  • Programming Concept of MSSD
  • Programming Practice

28. Liquid Crystal Display (LCD)

Introduction to LCD
Types of LCD (Character & Graphical)
Introduction to Character LCD & its Types
Introduction to LCD Driver IC(HD44780) & Character LCD Module
Introduction to Pin Diagram of Character LCD
Interfacing of Character LCD with Microcontroller
Description of Character LCD Commands
Programming Concept of Character LCD
Practice of Character LCD Programs

29. Timers/Counters

Understanding the Timer/Counter Concepts
Introduction to Timer2 & Timer3 Concepts
Introductions to Timer SFRs and their access
Programming concept of Timers to Generate delays
Practice of various delay programs

Section 6 : Programming of Advanced Internal Peripherals of Controller

30. Analog to Digital Converter(ADC)

Introduction to ADC Process

Need of ADC

Types of ADC

ADC Resolutions & Relation between Vin & Digital Output

Introduction to STM32Fxxx internal ADC and its SFRs

Programming Concept of ADC

Practice of Different ADC Programs

31. Digital to Analog converter(DAC)

Concept & Description to STM32Fxxx DAC
Description to SFRs & their Access
Programming Concept of DAC
Practice of Different DAC Programs

32. Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter (UART)

Introduction to Serial & Parallel Communication
Introduction to Synchronous & Asynchronous Communication
Introduction to UART and its SFRs
Programming concept of Serial Trasmitter & Receiver using UART
Practice of UART Programs

33. EEPROM Features

Introduction to Internal EEPROM of PIC16Fxxx
Description of EEPROM SFRs
Introduction to Writing/Reading concept to/from the EEPROM
Programming concept of EEPROM Writing & Reading
Practice of UART Programs

34. Interrupts

Introduction to Interrupt
Polling Vs. Interrupt
Types of Intrrupts(Maskable & Non-Maskable, Internal & External)
Desription to NVIC Interrupt Logic Diagram of STM32Fxxx
Introduction to SFRs related to Interrupts
Programming Concept of Interrupts
Practice of Interrupt Programs

Section 7 : Revision to Basic Electronics Components

35. Resistors

Introduction to Resistors

Types of Resistors

Color Coding Concept

Resistors Combination Circuits (Series & Parallel)

Resistor Voltage Divider Rule

Varible Resistors & their types

AC & DC effect on Resistors

Simulation of Resistor Circuits

36. Capacitors

Introduction to Capacitors
Types of Capacitors
Capacitors Combination Circuits
RC Circuits
AC & DC effect on Capacitors

37. Inductors

Introduction to Inductors
Usee & Applications of Inductors Coils
In Transformers
In Relays
Magnetic Field Generation( e.g. Motors, Current Sensors)
Filter Circuits
AC & DC effect on Resistors

38. Diodes

Introduction to Diodes
Working of Diodes
Simulation of Various Diodes Circuits

39. Transistors

Introduction & Working of Transistors
Working of Transistor as a Switch
Sinking & Sourcing Current Concept
Implementation of Logic Gates Using Transistors
Simulation of Transistor Circuits

40. Voltage Regulators

Introduction to Voltage Regulators
Introduction to 78xx Series Regulators
Introduction to 79xx Series Regulators

41. Power supply

Introduction to Power Supply & its Block Diagram
Concept of Fixed Regulated Power Supply
Positive(+Ve) Power Supply
Negative(-Ve) Power Supply
Dual(+Ve & -Ve) Power Supply
Concept of Variable Regulated Power Supply
Positive(+Ve) Power Supply
Negative(-Ve) Power Supply
Dual(+Ve & -Ve) Power Supply
Simulation of Power Supply Circuits

Section 8 : Interfacing of External Peripherals to controller

42. Relay

Introduction to Relay

Description of Working of Relay

Interfacing of relay with Microcontroller

Types of Relays

Application of Relay

Simulation of Relay Circuits

43. Buzzer

Introduction to Buzzer & Its Working
Types of Buzzers
Interfacing of Buzzer with Microcontroller
Simulation of Buzzer Circuits

44. Opto-Isolator

Introduction to Opto-Isolator & Its Working
Applications of Opto-Isolators
Simulation of Opto-Isolator Circuits

45. Motors

Introduction to Motors
Description of PMDC Motor Working
Controlling of DC Motor
Using Transistor H-Bridge
Using Relays (1 C/O & 2 C/O)
Using H-Bridge IC(L293D)
Speed Control of DC Motor Concept
Introduction to Stepper Motor & Its Working
Interfacing of Stepper Motor with Microcontroller
Controlling of Stepper Motor using ULN IC
Simulation of Motor Programs

Section 9 : Project Work and Documentation

46. Description of project Development process

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47. Project discussion and allotment

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48. Synopsis making and submission

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49. Practice of De-soldering & Soldering

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50. Introduction to Hardware & Software techniques

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52. Firmware Designing

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53. Project Completion

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54. Project working video clip submission

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55. Detailed project report submission

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56. Final project PPT

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57. Feedback submission (written & video)

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58. Certificate Distribution

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